Labor Law and Environmental Law

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by ipr Info-Prod Research (Middle East) Ltd.

Labor Law

The Labor Law No. 3 of 1962 (as amended) governs industrial relations in Qatar. Under the Labor Law, priority in employment is given to Qataris, then to nationals of Arab countries and, lastly, to other non-Qataris. Non-Qataris can be employed only if they obtain a work-permit from the Department of Labor in the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs. The applicant must have a valid passport and a resident permit and must be of good conduct and reputation. Generally, permits are valid for two years.

There are no fixed minimum wages in Qatar. There are no pension schemes for non-Qataris. There are no labor unions in Qatar, and strikes, lockouts and slowdowns are prohibited. Workers are entitled to one day off per week and to other benefits such as holiday on the occasion of Ramadan, annual paid leave of fourteen days, illness pay and severance pay. Industrial disputes are resolved by the Department of Labor in the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs. The matter may then be referred to the Labor Court for a final decision.

Environmental Law

Qatar is a signatory to a number of international environmental conventions, including: The Convention of the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons, and their Destruction; International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil, 1954 Concerning the Protection of the Great Barrier Reef of Australia (and amendments thereto); Agreement for the Establishment of a Commission for Controlling the Desert Locust in the Near East; Kuwait Regional Convention for Co-Operation on the Protection of the Marine Environment from Pollution; and the Treaty on the Prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons and other Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Sea Bed and the Ocean Floor and in the Subsoil Thereof.



 
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